Which can be read from the perspective of different paradigms: anticolonialism, Marxism, neoliberalism or neodevelopmentalism. The other is the formation of national unity – the “integration” that Fernandes spoke of, the Mexican nationality in mobile phone number list Stavenhagen's thought – in the face of the logic of difference that, historically, extends from scientific racism to multiculturalism. At this second point, we are faced, once again, with the paradox between equality and difference, raised decades later by Nancy Fraser and Joan Scott29. According to this logic, for Stavenhagen, “mobile phone number list national integration can only be achieved if the contradictions inherent in colonial relations are resolved and overcome.
This can be achieved by deleting one of the terms mobile phone number list of the contradiction or by changing the content of the relation.30. For Stavenhagen, the way out of this dilemma is to achieve national integration not by suppressing the Indian as such but as a colonized being. Class and gender: Heleieth Saffioti, Isabel Larguía and John Dumoulin Unlike race or ethnicity, in which the relationships between categories imply inclusions and exclusions, as well as the existence of mobile phone number list communities based on categories, when it comes to gender one cannot think of the formation of separate communities.
Gender is present everywhere – in all classes, of all mobile phone number list nationalities, in all ethnic and racial groups. Its universal presence makes it less visible, more "natural," and less subject to analysis and interpretation. It is therefore not surprising that in the context of contemporary concerns about development and inequalities, seen especially through the lens of social mobile phone number list marginality and urban development, Until the 1970s, women mattered in the social sciences of the region only in relation to fertility trends.